مقاله


کد مقاله : 14011021285492

عنوان مقاله : New Findings of the Chronogram and its Types; Description of 14 Styles of Chronogram through Poetry of Halimi Shirvani, an unknown poet of the 10th century

نشریه شماره : 31 Autumn 2022

مشاهده شده : 209

فایل های مقاله :


نویسندگان

  نام و نام خانوادگی پست الکترونیک مرتبه علمی مدرک تحصیلی مسئول
1 farzad mohammadi farzad_pnu@yahoo.com Post Graduate Student M.A
2 hakimazar@gmail.com Assistant Professor PhD
3 Asghar Rezaporan rezaporian@gmail.com Assistant Professor PhD

چکیده مقاله

Chronogram is one of the poetic elements, which indicates the use of words to record the date of an event. This technique in Persian literature is a new subject with no detailed description. However, special attention has been paid to the subject and the authors and researchers of chronograms have made efforts to gather evidence, solve and find a historical event date, or sometimes correct it. Recently, among the old Persian works and texts, a treatise of an unknown poet in the 10th century, Halimi Shirvani, entitled "Ghavaed al-Tarikh (Rules of History)" has been corrected and published as part of a doctoral thesis which is the result of several years of research on chronograms. The introduction section of the treatise explains the author's motivation for making the chronograph, the background of the chronogram, the method of finding the dates, the sources used by the author, and, more importantly, the methods and styles of making a chronograph. Nevertheless, there are also insignificant examples with problems in rhythm and rhyme. The present study investigates the new findings of Halimi Shirvani's work in chronogram and its types. Halimi had more than 14 styles in chronogram, each of which can be unique or unrivaled in its kind. Among the 14 styles, using enigma in various ways demonstrates the skill and ability of Halimi in making chronographs.