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No 25
Vol. 25 No. 12
2021
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In the present post-capitalist world, the study of new colonialism and its various methods and consequences has become one of the most significant approaches in intercultural criticism. These theories, themselves bring a branch of postmodernist and post-structuralist , have led to new theories and extensive research on the issue of colonialism, decolonization, and post-colonialism in various literary and artistic contexts. According to this approach, the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq, while showing no signs of colonialist demonstration in its construction, shows a broad range of concepts of domination or desire for dominance by Western colonialism in its infrastructure.This study has mainly focused on the sacred defense poetry as post-colonial literature, and the results of the research - conducted in a descriptive and analytical manner - suggest that many of the post-colonial and colonialist components, such as: revealing the war-mongering nature of colonialism as the main yet concealed façade of the war, Countering conspiracies and opportunism of Western colonialism, cultural opposition to the Eastern and Western colonialism, relying on the preservation of its own identity and territorial integrity, as well as solidarity with all colonized and dominated nations, has been reflected in the sacred defense poetry.
Narges Oskouie - Tahmine Shojaat ZadeOskooi
Keywords : Postcolonial Studies, Holy Defense Literature, War Poetry, Decolonization, Cultural Identity
Symbolic attitudes toward animals have been commonplace around the globe, and human beings have relied on symbolism as a significant and effective means of daily living to express their cardiac intentions and aspirations. The symbol has been around for hundreds of years in the Persian language, especially for its antiquity and has been taken as the equivalent of the word symbol. One of the most prominent manifestations of symbolism in mysticism has been found in legendary and mythological beings, which has given them a symbolic and symbol-oriented look at the symbolism of Shaukat Bukhari's poetry because of his use of these symbols to express mystical mystical representations. The mystical virtues of his poetry are of great consequence, and so far have not been paid for, so the poem is examined and illustrated in this article. May this article be an introduction to Fazl Waddab's attitude to this issue from the perspective of the New Poet and Divan, another great poet from across the Webom border.
mohamad bahramiasl
Keywords : Symbolic, Animals, Mythical, Medieval, Poetry, Shukat Bukhari
This article investigates the presence of Pir and his various froms in the book Kashf al- Asrar and Mukashefat al- Anwar by Ruzbehan Baqli Shirazi, a mystic of the Sixth century AH. The stories in the book present the mystical teachings of the author allegorically using elements such as myths, rwligious stories, and the subconscious mind as well as creation of a cryptic atmosphere. Pir is one of prominent concepts in the book and is used by Ruzbihan in various forms such as prophets, guides or Murshids (mentors), and even other beings who guide the seeker on the spiritual journey and direct him to his destination . It seems that. All these descriptions are intended to create an ennobled atmosphere for the mystic or the seeker in which he can face his self and connect with the truth.
yalda tavallali - Mohammad Ali Atashsowda - samira rostami
Keywords : Kashf al- Asrar and Mukashefat al- Anwar, mystery, Pir, myth, religious stories, ، subconscious mind
The social remarks reflected in poetry of a poet are potentially important because they entail some valuable information and first hand understanding of the lifestyle of the poet and those living in the society during the era. But it seems that the reflection of such information in poetry does not solely contain the sociology aspect and the poet is forced to reflect such issues in his poems to be creative in literature. Accordingly, the major question in the present research is whether a poet can succeed in imaging and conceptualization of the literary ideas without dealing with social issues and topics in his era or not? Vahshi-e-Bafghi was one of the mostly well-known and famous poets in 10th Hejri century (991-939) who has been one of the most talented poets and he could compose many poems using the literary concepts and images. In the present study we have analyzed the images and concept proposed by him based on the remarks he has made on the issues such as pigeon and keeping pigeons. The results showed that Vahshi could create genuine and dynamic images due to his knowledge of the characteristics and habits and general beliefs of the common people and their beliefs about pigeons.
nasrin rezazadeh - ramin sadeginejad -
Keywords : Social hints, Imaging, Literary Sociology, Conceptualization, Vahshi-e-Bafghi
Alfred Adler founded the Individual Psychology School. Lifestyle, development and refinement are concepts that Adler expresses them in the pursuit of an ultimate goal. These concepts represent the most distinctive indicators of his dynamic personality theory. Lifestyle, as the core of personality, unity, individuality, creates the cohesion and stability of the person’s psychological functioning and explains the formation of unique traits that characterize a particular person as well as his or her life form. It includes not only the person’s goals but also self-concept, feelings for others, and attitudes to the world. In this research, the author seeks to explain the lifestyle representations of the characters of the novel “Sahm-e-Man” based on Adler’s theory. The results showed that Saniei has portrayed their mental states in paying attention to the characters in this novel. The three submissive, dominant, and isolationist images illustrate the personality types that Alfred Adler dealt with in the theory of individual psychology. By adapting Adler’s psychoanalytic theory to the behavior of the characters of this novel, the author argues that the root of the lifestyle of disadvantaged environmental factors in childhood and the two influential factors are inferiority, exclusion and ignorance that underlie the inferiority complex. The characters have chosen submissive, dominant and isolation to shape their personality and lifestyle in accordance with their moods.
Seedeh Samimi - parvaneh adelzadeh - kamran pashaie fakhri
Keywords : Lifestyle, Sahm-e-Man, Adler’s theory, Saniee

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